National Challenges of Teacher Trainings in Indonesia

National Challenges of Teacher Trainings in Indonesia

The Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia (2017) states that in the 2015 Constitution No. 14 about Teachers and Lecturers, and Government Regulation No. 74 in 2008, teachers are required to have an academic qualification, competence, and the teacher certification. The teacher certification is gained through teaching profession programs prepared by faculties of education of both public and private universities. There is an interesting fact elaborated by The Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia in 2017 regarding the problem around the low-quality of teacher training recently.

This governmental institution reports that there are 450 Educational Institutions for teacher training and more than 1.5 million students of education departments in Indonesia nowadays. There will be 300,000 graduates every year while only 40.000 teachers are needed per year. This over-supply condition is mainly caused by the increase of teachers’ economic condition being supported by the government since 2007 and 2008 through higher profession incentive program, which makes the teaching profession attractive. This government program has surely increased teachers’ life quality because the Indonesian teachers, especially those who are registered as civil servants, are more prosperous than ever, receiving double amount of salary. However, many universities since then have opened the school of educations with low-quality standards. Moreover, more and more people are attracted to apply for the education faculty every year without considering the quality and accreditation of the education departments they are studying at.

The Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia (2017) suggests that instructional design for teacher training should be using the elective learning models which combine the competence-based learnings, achievement-based learnings, reflective and constructivism models. By using this learning model combination, it is expected that teacher training institutions can produce high-quality teachers. Surprisingly, this is not a new framework that government has offered to the improvement of the teacher training quality because it was initially suggested when the 2005 Constitution No. 14 launched. It seems that government is not successful in implementing the policies they have made. Educationally speaking, I believe that each teacher training institution should be aware of and comprehend the national policies and regulations as well as standards in running the systems, curriculum and teaching and learning process for pre-service teachers.

Reference List

The Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia (2017) Menyoal Pendidikan Calon Guru. Retrieved from



Note: This article was written as a part of the Final Report of “Innovation (ED5009)” unit, Master of Education, Victoria University, Melbourne – Victoria, Australia.

Yanri Ramdhano ialah tokoh muda Jambi yang saat ini berperan dipercaya sebagai Staf Ahli Rektor UIN STS Jambi. Selain itu, Yanri Ramdhano ialah Presenter Berita Jambi TV dan Konsultan Pendidikan. Yanri Ramdhano merupakan penerima beasiswa Program Master (S2) dari Pemerintah Australia melalui skema Australia Awards Scholarship (AAS) 2017, lulus dari program Master of Education di Victoria University Melbourne Australia Pada akhir tahun 2019. Di akhir masa study ia menjabat sebagai Presiden Persatuan Pelajar Indonesia Australia Victoria University (PPIA VU) 2018-2019; Tutor di Global English Kampung Inggris, Pare, Kediri – Jawa Timur 2016 s/d 2018; Alumni IVLP OD TESOL Leadership Exchange di Amerika Serikat (Baltimore MD, Washington DC, Sacramento, San Francisco) 2016; Counselor Camp EPIC 2 RELO US Embassy Jakarta tahun 2016 di Kota Bukittinggi; Alumni Camp EPIC 1 RELO US Embassy Jakarta Tahun 2015 di Kota Bandung; Duta Bahasa Provinsi Jambi 2013-2014.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *